India is one of the prehistoric civilizations in the biosphere. It has achieved many economic signs of progress during the previous five decades. It has displayed remarkable progress in the field of agriculture, industry, and technology. India has also contributed significantly to the making of the world’s history. India is a massive country. Lying in the Northern hemisphere the mainland extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E. The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30'N) divides the country into almost two equal parts. India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia. India has 28 states and 8 Union Territories. India shares its land boundaries with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north, and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. Our southern neighbors across the sea consist of the two island countries, are Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India has had strong geographical and historical links with her neighbors. The physical features of India can be grouped under the following physiographic divisions: Himalayan Mountains, Northern Plains, Peninsular Plateau, Indian Desert, Coastal Plains, and Islands. A detailed account of the different physiographic units highlights a unique feature of each region. It would, however,
be clear that each region balances the other and makes the country richer in its natural resources. The mountains are the major sources of water and forest wealth. The northern plains are the granaries of the country, they provide the base for early civilizations. The plateau is a storehouse of minerals, which has played a crucial role in the industrialization of the country. The coastal region and island groups provide sites for fishing and port activities. Thus, the diverse physical features of the land have immense future possibilities of development. And this is the place where I live, full of diverse culture and beautiful places.